### Battery Management Systems for Large Lithium-Ion Battery Packs

#### Section 1.2.7 Addenda

The range of the time axis of 4 plots in figure 1.10 is about 10 minutes. Therefore, their do show the effect of the long time constant (1 minute, due to C2-R2); on the other side, the effect of the fast time constant (1 ms, C3-R3) is too fast for the time scale of these plots, and cannot be seen.

In these plots, it is assumed that the load current is the same. I also assumed that the resistance of R1 in 'a' is equal to the sum of all 3 resistances in the other examples (R1, R2 and R3).